Pondicherry, the Union Territory of India, is a former French colony. The history of Pondicherry can be traced back to the 2nd century AD. The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, of the early 2nd century, AD mentions a market place named Poduke, which G.W.B. Huntingford identified as possibly being Arikamedu about 2miles from the modern Pondicherry. Huntingford further notes that Roman pottery was found at Arikamedu in 1937, and archeological excavations between 1944 and 1949 showed that it was ‘a trading station to which goods of Roman manufacture were important during the first half of the 1st century AD’. Pondicherry cheers the heart of the romantic. Legendary associations trace the origin of this city to Rish Agastya, the revered sage of the south.Pondicherry has been the theatre of many battles between the British and the French, and was the capital of French India before it attained independence in 1954.